5- Third Time Lucky

Seleucus, now decidedly province-less, flees to Egypt and holes up with Ptolemy. There, he gets himself appointed as commander in chief of Ptolemy’s fleet in the eastern Mediterranean, cooperating with Ptolemy’s brother Menelaus who was appointed as commander to forces dispatched to Cyprus. With the Third War of the Diadochoi going on in the background and with a bit of a foray into Egypt’s situation and the Seleucid era calendar, it’s time to get nautical….

Sources for this episode: 1) Kosmin, P. J. (2014), The Land of the Elephant Kings: Space, Territory, and Ideology in the Seleucid Empire. London: Harvard University Press. 2) Grainger, J. D., 2014, The Rise of the Seleukid Empire (323- 223 BCE), Seleukos I to Seleukos III. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Books Ltd. 3) Anson, E. M. (2006), The Chronology of the Third Diadoch War. Phoenix 60(3/4): 226, 235. 4) Lendering, J., Livius (2002, modified 2020), Diadochoi 5: The Third Diadoch War (online). [Accessed 03/01/2021]. The central position of Babylon with the former empire can be seen at the Wikipedia page of the Diadochoi. For more on the life of Menelaus, see his Wikipedia page [Accessed 27/03/2021].

A satellite image of Cyprus, one of the battlegrounds during the Third War of the Successors. By NASA – NASA, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4439975